A study By: Timothy M. Youngblood
Presented by: The Master's Table Web Site


Jesus taught many things on many subjects and His teachings are set in many laws around the word. Muhammad even taught the concepts of Jesus many times and these writings can be found in the Koran. Muslims believe much of the Old Testament, but believe the Jews have altered the writings. For example, they believe that Abraham was the father of the faithful, but that God's promises to Abraham were to be Ishmael's, through whom the Arabs are descended, rather than Isaac, through whom the Israelites are descended. Muslims believe Jesus was a good teacher, but not the son of God or our Savior and eternal sacrifice. Moses is prominently quoted in their holy book, the Quran, and they teach the Ten Commandments. The biggest exception is that they worship on Friday, rather than the Sabbath. Christianity, Islam and Judaism are the big religions that accept the Old Testament in many ways and teach the Ten Commandments as the foundation of right and wrong.

Jesus' teaching concerning the law:
"Then one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, and saying, "Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?" Jesus said to him," 'You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.' "This is the first and great commandment. "And the second is like it: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' "On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets." Matt 22:35-40 35 We also find recorded in Matt 5:17-19. "Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. "For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled. "Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven."

Editor's Note:
What about this scripture in Matt 5:17-19 where our Lord stated that He did not come to destroy the law but to fulfill the law? What did He mean by that? He meant that He would fulfill or satisfy the requirements and obligations the law required when He dies as the eternal sacrifice. This means that the death penalty that was placed on mankind in the garden has been removed or that those that accept the blood sacrifice of the Son of God and depends on that blood sacrifice shall be justified and as the apostle Paul stated that if the law could save us from our sins than the Christ is dead in vain. He stated... "I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me. "I do not set aside the grace of God; for if righteousness comes through the law, then Christ died in vain." Gal 2:20-21

Jesus' teachings on humility:
Jesus said, "Assuredly, I say to you, unless you are converted and become as little children, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven. "Therefore whoever humbles himself as this little child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven. "Whoever receives one little child like this in My name receives Me. "But whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to sin, it would be better for him if a millstone were hung around his neck, and he were drowned in the depth of the sea." Matt 18:3-6. Also we read in Luke 18:9-14. "Also He spoke this parable to some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: "Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. "The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, 'God, I thank You that I am not like other men-- extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this tax collector. 'I fast twice a week; I give tithes of all that I possess. And the tax collector, standing afar off, would not so much as raise his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, 'God, be merciful to me a sinner!' "I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted."

Jesus' teachings on worry:
"No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon. (mam-mo-nas'); of Aramaic origin meaning wealth, or the love of wealth.) "Therefore I say to you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink; nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more than food and the body more than clothing? "Look at the birds of the air, for they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they? "Which of you by worrying can add one cubit to his stature? "So why do you worry about clothing? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow: they neither toil nor spin; "and yet I say to you that even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. "Now if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today is, and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, will He not much more clothe you, O you of little faith? "Therefore do not worry, saying, 'What shall we eat?' or 'What shall we drink?' or 'What shall we wear?' "For after all these things the Gentiles seek. For your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things. "But seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things shall be added to you. "Therefore do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will worry about its own things. Sufficient for the day is its own. Matt 6:24-34

Jesus' blessings:
"And seeing the multitudes, He went up on a mountain, and when He was seated His disciples came to Him. Then He opened His mouth and taught them, saying: "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted. Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be filled. Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy. Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God. Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. "Blessed are you when they revile and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely for My sake. "Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you. "You are the salt of the earth; but if the salt loses its flavor, how shall it be seasoned? It is then good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled underfoot by men. Matt 5:1-13.

Jesus' teachings on His church structure:
"But Jesus called them to Himself and said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who are great exercise authority over them. "Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant. "And whoever desires to be first among you, let him be your slave "just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many." Matt 20:25-28. We also find recorded in 1 Pet 5:2-4 this very teaching. Let's read it and notice the very important point; "nor as being lords over those entrusted to you," It states..."Shepherd the flock of God which is among you, serving as overseers, not by compulsion but willingly, not for dishonest gain but eagerly; nor as being lords over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock; and when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that does not fade away.

Editor's Note:
According to the scriptures we find that the Church of God should have a ministry patterned after the instructions of Jesus the Messiah as recorded in the New Testament. Those who serve in this ministry do not exalt themselves over their brethren by exercising authority or rank, but strive to serve their brethren in humility and love. The elders of the Church of God should understand that they have been called of God to spiritual service to fulfill the needs of their brethren. An elder may serve as a minister, steward of the word, pastor, evangelist, or in other needed capacities as God wills and directs. The function that each elder fulfills varies according to the measure of the gift of Jesus the Messiah. This calling is not and should never be directed by a man, but by Jesus and in many cases if people are paying attention they will find that the one who is truly called by the Holy Father is already doing the service.

Also we find Jesus' instruction on the structure in John 15:1-10; "I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser. "Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit. "You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you. "Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me. "I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing. "If anyone does not abide in Me, he is cast out as a branch and is withered; and they gather them and throw them into the fire, and they are burned. "If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you. "By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples. "As the Father loved Me, I also have loved you; abide in My love. "If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father's commandments and abide in His love."

We have found in scripture Jesus taught against the Hierarchical type church government so you might want to read our study titled; "Church Government" which you can access at the end of this study.

Jesus' teachings on hate:
"You have heard that it was said to those of old, 'You shall not murder,' and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment. "But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. And whoever says to his brother, 'Raca!' shall be in danger of the council. But whoever says, 'You fool!' (See editor's note.) shall be in danger of hell fire. "Therefore if you bring your gift to the altar, and there remember that your brother has something against you, "leave your gift there before the altar, and go your way. First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. "Agree with your adversary quickly, while you are on the way with him, lest your adversary deliver you to the judge, the judge hand you over to the officer, and you are thrown into prison. "Assuredly, I say to you, you will by no means get out of there till you have paid the last penny. Matt: 5: 21-26.

(Editor's Note:) A notable example of an agreement between the Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus texts is that they both omit the phrase "without cause" from Matthew 5:22. The Interlinear shows <9999> as well. The word fool in the Peshitta which is from the Aramaic states "Whoever says to his brother, you are a "coward" is condemned to hell fire. The word fool in the Peshitta which states "Whoever says to his brother, you are a "Nurse maid" is condemned to hell fire. The Aramaic word which was replaced for "fool" means to say someone is weak or has contempt for his character. Also we find the answer from Jesus how we should handle offenses in Matt 18:15-17. "Moreover if your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault between you and him alone. If he hears you, you have gained your brother. But if he will not hear, take with you one or two more, that by the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established. And if he refuses to hear them, tell it to the church. But if he refuses even to hear the church, let him be to you like a heathen and a tax collector."

Jesus' teachings on Adultery:
"You have heard that it was said to those of old, 'You shall not commit adultery.' "But I say to you that whoever looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. "If your right eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell. "And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell. "Furthermore it has been said, 'Whoever divorces his wife, let him give her a certificate of divorce.' "But I say to you that whoever divorces his wife for any reason except sexual immorality causes her to commit adultery; and whoever marries a woman who is divorced commits adultery. Matt: 5: 27-32

Jesus' teachings on swearing falsely:
"Again you have heard that it was said to those of old, 'You shall not swear falsely, but shall perform your oaths to the Lord.' "But I say to you, do not swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is God's throne; "nor by the earth, for it is His footstool; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King. "Nor shall you swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white or black. "But let your 'Yes' be 'Yes,' and your 'No,' 'No.' For whatever is more than these is from the evil one. Matt: 5: 33-37.

Jesus' teachings on revenge:
"You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.' "But I tell you not to resist an evil person. But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also. "If anyone wants to sue you and take away your tunic, let him have your cloak also. "And whoever compels you to go one mile, go with him two. "Give to him who asks you, and from him who wants to borrow from you do not turn away. Matt: 5: 38-42.

Jesus' teachings on Loving your neighbor:
"You have heard that it was said, 'You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.' "But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, "that you may be sons of your Father in heaven; for He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. "For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? "And if you greet your brethren only, what do you do more than others? Do not even the tax collectors do so? "Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect. Matt: 5: 43-48.

Jesus' teachings on Charitable deeds:
"Take heed that you do not do your charitable deeds before men, to be seen by them. Otherwise you have no reward from your Father in heaven. "Therefore, when you do a charitable deed, do not sound a trumpet before you as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory from men. Assuredly, I say to you, they have their reward. "But when you do a charitable deed, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, "that your charitable deed may be in secret; and your Father who sees in secret will Himself reward you openly. Matt: 6: 1-4.

Jesus' teachings on How to pray:
"And when you pray, you shall not be like the hypocrites. For they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Assuredly, I say to you, they have their reward. "But you, when you pray, go into your room, and when you have shut your door, pray to your Father who is in the secret place; and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly. "And when you pray, do not use vain repetitions as the heathen do. For they think that they will be heard for their many words. "Therefore do not be like them. For your Father knows the things you have need of before you ask Him. "In this manner, therefore, pray: Our Father in heaven, hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come. Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen. "For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. "But if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses. Matt: 6: 5-15.

(Editor's Note:) What about Praying?
Some very important questions are, what did Jesus say about our reasons for praying, and what did He say we should do while praying in the scripture above? Here we see that we should not make a show of prayer and that we need not be too concerned about detail as God knows what we have need of before we even ask, so if God knows what you need before you ask, then what is the reason for prayer? The answer is that God wants us to become partners with Him in our own growth towards perfection. He want's us to walk through the very changes that must take place after conversion with Him in prayer. It's like teaching others through a program like spokesman club , or a woman's group, where the members are an active part of the process. God wants us to learn the lessons necessary to grow into mature Christians and this is why it's very important to place your life in ALL aspects in God's care. This is truly laying up treasures in heaven. Notice Christ calls those that blow the trumpet," hypocrites." He states that we should do our praying and giving of charitable deeds in secret so the Father will reward us openly. The reason God wants us to pray in secret is because when the heart is right, and there's no ulterior motive, the act becomes pure and acceptable before the Father. We see many times where a business will give to charity, but their business is given great advertisement on television, and in the news paper. Is their good deed before God as treasures in heaven? Could be that they have their reward because they blew their trumpet very loud for the wrong reasons.

Vain Repetition
We also need to look at what is called vain repetition because as Jesus stated "And when you pray, do not use vain repetitions as the heathen do". Some have been taught they will be heard if they repeat a sentence over, and over or even if they can get hundreds of people praying for them. What did Christ say about repeating our prayers over and over without thought as by rote? Here in this scripture Jesus was addressing a problem where people used prayer beads, and chanted prayers over and over. These practices were of pagan origin from many years past and had crept into the Hebrew religion. He was teaching them that this type of prayer was "Vain" and God would not hear just because they did so. We should be very diligent in prayer, and please understand there is a big difference in "vain repetition" and repetition that is from being diligent as recorded in Luke 18:1-7 concerning the widow and the judge and with her continual coming she wearied the judge till he gave her justice.

It is also very important to teach our children to pray so let’s take a look at the subject of how we should teach them to pray. What about this old prayer that many teach their children? "As I lay me down to sleep, I pray the Lord my soul to keep, if I should die before I wake I pray the Lord my soul to take" Question: Is this an acceptable prayer? And some may reply..."Are you saying that God will not accept the prayer of a little child!" Yes I do believe He will, however, I'm saying the parents have the responsibility to teach the child to pray and worship the way that is acceptable to God as instructed by Christ in the word of God. Remember, your children will grow up and continue in what you, or others teach them. This prayer may be fine and even cute for a child but it teaches vain repetition and will not teach a child how to pray in a way that brings them into a good relationship with God as they grow. The child needs to understand who God is and that to pray to Him is the same as being on a spiritual phone and they can tell God anything and they can always reach God no matter where they are, and if they need help they can always count on God. That He loves them and will always be there for them and God is their friend, but to also remember that He is the almighty, and the most important being there is anywhere. This understanding and more is a very important part in our prayer life, and vain repetition voids what can be a very fine relationship with Jesus and the Holy Father.

Jesus' teachings on Forgiveness:
Although there are other scriptures that record Jesus' teaching on forgiveness as we read concerning praying we do find a very good one that covers the subject very well in Matt 18:21-35. It states..."Then Peter came to Him and said, "Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Up to seven times?" Jesus said to him, "I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven. Therefore the kingdom of heaven is like a certain king who wanted to settle accounts with his servants. And when he had begun to settle accounts, one was brought to him who owed him ten thousand talents. But as he was not able to pay, his master commanded that he be sold, with his wife and children and all that he had, and that payment be made. The servant therefore fell down before him, saying, 'Master, have patience with me, and I will pay you all.' "Then the master of that servant was moved with compassion, released him, and forgave him the debt. But that servant went out and found one of his fellow servants who owed him a hundred denarii; and he laid hands on him and took him by the throat, saying, 'Pay me what you owe!' "So his fellow servant fell down at his feet and begged him, saying, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you all.' And he would not, but went and threw him into prison till he should pay the debt. "So when his fellow servants saw what had been done, they were very grieved, and came and told their master all that had been done. Then his master, after he had called him, said to him, 'You wicked servant! I forgave you all that debt because you begged me. 'Should you not also have had compassion on your fellow servant, just as I had pity on you?' "And his master was angry, and delivered him to the torturers until he should pay all that was due to him. "So My heavenly Father also will do to you if each of you, from his heart, does not forgive his brother his trespasses."

Jesus' teachings on salvation Vs. the riches of this world:
"Now behold, one came and said to Him, "Good Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may have eternal life?" So He said to him, "Why do you call Me good? No one is good but One, that is, God. But if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments." He said to Him, "Which ones?" Jesus said," 'You shall not murder,' 'You shall not commit adultery,' 'You shall not steal,' 'You shall not bear false witness,' 'Honor your father and your mother,' and, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'" The young man said to Him, "All these things I have kept from my youth. What do I still lack?" Jesus said to him, "If you want to be perfect, go, sell what you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me." But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful, for he had great possessions. Then Jesus said to His disciples, "Assuredly, I say to you that it is hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven. "And again I say to you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God." When His disciples heard it, they were greatly astonished, saying, "Who then can be saved?" But Jesus looked at them and said to them, "With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible." Matt 19:16-26.

Jesus' teachings on the Sabbath and tithing.
"Now it happened that He went through the grainfields on the Sabbath; and as they went His disciples began to pluck the heads of grain. And the Pharisees said to Him, "Look, why do they do what is not lawful on the Sabbath?" But He said to them, "Have you never read what David did when he was in need and hungry, he and those with him: "how he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and ate the showbread, which is not lawful to eat, except for the priests, and also gave some to those who were with him?" And He said to them, "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. "Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath." Mark 2:23-28. We also find this statement in Matt 23:23. "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faith. These you ought to have done, without leaving the others undone.

Editor's Note:
Who wants us to pay tithes in the first place? Answer: Those receiving the tithes, right? Question: Where do we send our tithes: Answer: Depends on who you ask and this is the very heart of the problem! Those who truly want to obey God from the heart want to do what God wants them to do, and it does not matter if God wants us to send it to the ministers, or the poor, or just burn it, but we must know what God wants. Did Jesus or the apostles receive a tithe from those converted during their ministry? Brethren there is not one single hint that Jesus or the apostles received or even asked for the tithes of anyone, but there are scriptures that reflect just the opposite. One such place is when Jesus told a rich man that he should sell what he had and give it to the poor, and I submit that Jesus had a perfect opportunity to say; "Sell what you have and give it to me to do this great work." But He did not say that, He told him to give it to the poor. Also when Jesus spoke to the Pharisees about tithing His attitude was that tithing was not as important as justice, mercy and faith. Let's read it again, "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and 'have neglected the weightier matters of the law:' which is justice, mercy and faith. These you ought to have done, without leaving the others undone."

Many ministers teach that the last part of this verse which states "These you ought to have done, without leaving the others undone. "Means a command from Jesus to tithe, but is this true? Let's look at this verse from the point of view that Jesus was speaking and remember that He was speaking about them being hypocrites while admitting that they did pay tithes. Did Jesus mean "Without leaving tithing undone" when He stated "without leaving the others undone"? The Greek word for "Others" here is (kakeinos) and can mean "Them" or "likewise that" or "those". Now if we look at these meanings correctly here we will see the intent of the complete statement would be "These you ought to have done, without leaving "them" undone." Them meaning justice, mercy and faith, or "These you ought to have done, without leaving "Those" undone." Because what Jesus was pointing out was that the Pharisees were being hypocrites by paying great tithes but not showing the most important points of the law of love which is justice and mercy. Brethren, if you had $50.00 to give in tithes and you saw a poor woman hungry by no fault of her own, would you please God by giving it to her or by giving it to some minister to decide what it should be spent on? Many ministers will tell you to give the money to them and they will give it to the person in need but that you should not take away from "God's Work". Let's ask another question. Did the apostles ask for or receive tithes from the brethren to do the work that God sent them to do? Or are you robbing God if you give it to someone other than the Church? (You might want to check out our complete study on "Tithing" at the end of this study for the real answers.)

Jesus' teachings concerning the Kingdom through parables:
Remember the parable Jesus told of the sower? This and the other parables Jesus used concerning the coming Kingdom of God are very important in relation to being ready for the Kingdom and what it means to take our calling to heart. Jesus stated; "Behold, a sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, some seed fell by the wayside; and the birds came and devoured them. Some fell on stony places, where they did not have much earth; and they immediately sprang up because they had no depth of earth. But when the sun was up they were scorched, and because they had no root they withered away. And some fell among thorns, and the thorns sprang up and choked them. But others fell on good ground and yielded a crop: some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. "He who has ears to hear, let him hear!" And the disciples came and said to Him, "Why do You speak to them in parables?" 'He answered and said to them,' "Because it has been given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given. For whoever has, to him more will be given, and he will have abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him. Therefore I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand. And in them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled, which says: 'Hearing you will hear and shall not understand, and seeing you will see and not perceive; For the hearts of this people have grown dull. Their ears are hard of hearing, and their eyes they have closed, lest they should see with their eyes and hear with their ears, lest they should understand with their hearts and turn, so that I should heal them.' "But blessed are your eyes for they see, and your ears for they hear; for assuredly, I say to you that many prophets and righteous men desired to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it." Matt 13:3-43.

The question we must ask is what did Jesus Himself mean by these parables?
Let's read the answer from Jesus Himself! "Therefore hear the parable of the sower: When anyone hears the word of the kingdom, and does not understand it, then the wicked one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is he who received seed by the wayside. But he who received the seed on stony places, this is he who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; yet he has no root in himself, but endures only for a while. For when tribulation or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he stumbles. Now he who received seed among the thorns is he who hears the word, and the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and he becomes unfruitful. But he who received seed on the good ground is he who hears the word and understands it, who indeed bears fruit and produces: some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty."

Another parable He put forth to them, saying: "The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field; "but while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat and went his way. But when the grain had sprouted and produced a crop, then the tares also appeared. So the servants of the owner came and said to him, 'Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have tares?' "He said to them, 'An enemy has done this.' The servants said to him, 'Do you want us then to go and gather them up?' "But he said, 'No, lest while you gather up the tares you also uproot the wheat with them. 'Let both grow together until the harvest, and at the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, "First gather together the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them, but gather the wheat into my barn."'"

Another parable He put forth to them, saying: "The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field, "which indeed is the least of all the seeds; but when it is grown it is greater than the herbs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and nest in its branches."

Another parable He spoke to them: "The kingdom of heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal till it was all leavened." All these things Jesus spoke to the multitude in parables; and without a parable He did not speak to them, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: "I will open My mouth in parables; I will utter things kept secret from the foundation of the world."

Then Jesus sent the multitude away and went into the house. And His disciples came to Him, saying, "Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field." He answered and said to them: "He who sows the good seed is the Son of Man. "The field is the world, the good seeds are the sons of the kingdom, but the tares are the sons of the wicked one. The enemy who sowed them is the devil, the harvest is the end of the age, and the reapers are the angels. Therefore as the tares are gathered and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of this age. The Son of Man will send out His angels, and they will gather out of His kingdom all things that offend, and those who practice lawlessness, " and will cast them into the furnace of fire to be turned to ashes. It states that there will be wailing and gnashing of teeth. "Then the righteous will shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Holy Father which as stated above will be here on this Earth according to plain scripture. He who has ears to hear, let him hear!"

You might want ot read the companion study titled To Preach the Kingdom

Timothy M. Youngblood

The Master's Table