Research and study By: Timothy M. Youngblood
Copyright © The Master's Table
Many Christians look away when they see such a title as "Is
If you would like to make an informed decision for your children, you might want to read a bit more before you say no. Did anyone in the early Church keep Easter, and if not, where did it come from? Why is it kept in the spring? What does colored chicken eggs have to do with Jesus, and a big question is would Jesus the Christ keep Easter, and should those that want to follow the true Messiah observe this holiday? What is the truth? The facts are here if you would like to make an informed decision. Again you might want to think about this before you say no. What could be one of the reasons people don't really believe that Jesus was a real person that healed the sick, made the blind see, the deaf to hear, raised the dead, and walked on water? When a child is taught that the Easter bunny hides colored chicken eggs in the grass, and all this is tied in with Jesus the Christ; what do you suppose will happen when the child grows up to find out that easter is a myth? They surly must conclude that Jesus is a myth also because how could anyone do the things the Bible claims He did. Satan is very successful with his grand deception of pagan holidays and if people continue to teach children this great lie then they become responsible for their child's lack of real faith in the true Messiah. We must never forget that God gives us the guidelines for worship and prayer; and if we want to have a real relationship with the true creator God, and if we want our children to truly know Him, we must do it His way. The question to all true Christians today is do you want to worship the false gods of old, or do you want to worship the true God of heaven and follow the true Messiah thus receiving the true salvation He offers?
Every Spring, thousands of professing Christians get up very early in the morning to attend special sunrise services in celebration of the resurrection on "Easter" morning but do they truly understand where this practice came from? Have they studied into it for themselves to be sure they are worshipping the true God of heaven? Have they looked into the word "Easter" to see what it means and where it came from? Did you know it actually can be found in the King James Bible of 1611? Acts 12:4 states; "And when he had apprehended him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers to keep him; intending after "Easter" to bring him forth to the people. If the word "Easter " is in the Bible then it must be a holy word right? We need to study and prove all things brethren or we can be deceived. The word in the Greek translated as Easter is "pascha" which Strong's defines as the Passover (the meal, the day, the festival or the special sacrifices connected with it) Pascha is translated as Passover and in the 29 times this word appears in the New Testament only on this one occasion it was incorrectly translated in the KJV of 1611 as Easter. Today Easter is the most commonly used term for the day of the resurrection in mainstream Christianity, but would the disciples have recognized the term and used it in connection with the resurrection of Christ? Can we find the exact type of worship in the bible but was not considered Christian? Read on and find the truth about this worship service!
Did the early Church observe Easter?
Except as noted above in the Old King James Version in the book of Acts 12:4 "Easter" could not be found as being observed by the early Church and that word in Acts was a mistranslation to promote Easter. It is also noted in History that a number of early bishops rejected the practice of celebrating Easter, as a part of observing the Passover on the first Sunday after the fourteenth day of Nisan. This conflict between Easter and Passover is often referred to as the "Paschal Controversy". The faithful bishops who rejected the newer practice of Easter favored adhering to celebrating the festival of Passover on the fourteenth day of Nisan as according to the Biblical Passover and the tradition passed on to them by the Apostles.
The problem with the fourteenth day of Nisan for those that wanted to promote "Easter" is that it was calculated by the moon and could fall on any day of the week and they wanted it to fall on the day of the sun, or better known as Sunday. "An early example of this strained relationship is found written by Theophilus of Caesarea (c. AD 180; 8.774 "Ante-Nicene Church Fathers") when he stated, "Endeavor also to send abroad copies of our epistle among all the churches, so that those who easily deceive their own souls may not be able to lay the blame on us. We would have you know, too, that in Alexandria also they observe the festival on the same day as ourselves. For the Paschal letters are sent from us to them, and from them to usso that we observe the holy day in unison and together."
'Polycarp, believed to be a disciple of John, likewise adhered to the fourteenth day of Nisan observance of Passover. Irenaeus, who observed the "first Sunday" rule notes of Polycarp (one of the Bishops of Asia Minor), "For Anicetus could not persuade Polycarp to forgo the observance (of his Nisan fourteenth practice) inasmuch as these things had been always observed by John the disciple of the Lord, and by other apostles with whom he had been conversant." (c. AD 180; 1.569 "Ante-Nicene Church Fathers"). Irenaeus notes that this was not only Polycarp's practice, but that this was the practice of John the disciple and the other apostles that Polycarp knew.
The origin of Easter.
Just where does the word Easter originate? The word Easter was used by pagans to designate the Feast of New Life in the spring. The same root is found in the name for the place where the sun rises no matter where we are on the earth which is the East. The word Easter, then, originally meant the celebration of the spring sun, which had its birth in the East and brought new life upon the earth. We also find this in John Richard Green's book "A short history of the English people" who was a honorary fellow of Jesus College, Oxford - published by MacMillan and Co, London 1902. Information is on page 4: "Behind these (he is talking of the worship of the German pagan gods by the Angles and Saxons) floated dim shapes of an older mythology; Eostre, the goddess of the dawn or of the spring, who lends her name to the Christian festival of the Resurrection."
Easter worship in the Bible?
Most people in the United States think Easter is biblical because the word can be found in Acts as we read above and misguided religious leaders have taught it without truly proving it. Well my friend Easter worship is in the Bible, but not in the way you might think so let's take a look at Ezekiel 8:12-18 to learn the truth. It states; "So He brought me to the door of the north gate of the LORD'S house; and to my dismay, women were sitting there weeping for Tammuz. (Remember Tammuz was worshipped long before Jesus came, and the symbol for this worship was, and is the CROSS.) Then He said to me, have you seen this, O son of man? Turn again, you will see GREATER ABOMINATIONS than these. So He brought me into the inner court of the LORD'S house; and there, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men with their backs toward the temple of the LORD and their faces toward the EAST and they were worshipping the sun toward the east." This is a biblical description of ancient Easter worship and the Encyclopedia states that "Easter is a Christian festival, that embodies many pre-Christian traditions. (Notice pre-Christian traditions.) Scholars have found that Easter came from Eastre, the Anglo-Saxon name of a Teutonic goddess of spring and fertility, of which was dedicated a month corresponding to April. It's festival was celebrated on the day of the vernal equinox; traditions associated with the festival survive in the Easter rabbit, a symbol of fertility, and in colored Easter eggs, originally painted with bright colors to represent the sunlight of spring, and used in Easter-egg rolling contests or given as gifts.
From: Catholic Encyclopedia
The English term, according to the Ven. Bede (De temporum ratione, I, v), relates to Estre, a Teutonic goddess of the rising light of day and spring, which deity, however, is otherwise unknown, even in the Edda (Simrock, Mythol., 362); Anglo-Saxon, eâster, eâstron; Old High German, ôstra, ôstrara, ôstrarûn; German, Ostern. April was called easter-monadh. The plural eâstron is used, because the feast lasts seven days. Like the French plural Pâques, it is a translation from the Latin Festa Paschalia, the entire octave of Easter. The Greek term for Easter, pascha, has nothing in common with the verb paschein, "to suffer," although by the later symbolic writers it was connected with it; it is the Aramaic form of the Hebrew word pesach (transitus, passover). The Greeks called Easter the pascha anastasimon; Good Friday the pascha staurosimon. The respective terms used by the Latins are Pascha resurrectionis and Pascha crucifixionis. In the Roman and Monastic Breviaries the feast bears the title Dominica Resurrectionis; in the Mozarbic Breviary, In Lætatione Diei Pasch Resurrectionis; in the Ambrosian Breviary, In Die Sancto Paschæ.
The Romance languages have adopted the Hebrew-Greek term: Latin, Pascha; Italian, Pasqua; Spanish, Pascua; French..Also some Celtic and Teutonic nations use it: Scottish, Pask; Dutch, Paschen; Danish, Paaske; Swedish, Pask; even in the German provinces of the Lower Rhine the people call the feast Paisken not Ostern. The word is, principally in Spain and Italy, identified with the word "solemnity" and extended to other feasts, e.g. Sp., Pascua florida, Palm Sunday; Pascua de Pentecostes, Pentecost; Pascua de la Natividad, Christmas; Pascua de Epifania, Epiphany. In some parts of France also First Communion is called Pâques, whatever time of the year administered.
Lent leads into Easter and this is how it came about:
Lent occurs before Easter so lets look at the back ground of Lent before we get into the study on Easter. "The word 'lent' comes from the old English 'lencten', which means 'Spring'. Created (or adopted) by the Catholic Church around 525, under the guidance of Abbot Dionysus, the Little, Lent is the 40-day period from Ash Wednesday until Easter, that is set aside for fasting and seeking repentance. The observance is not found in the Bible, so it was not recognized by Jesus, the apostles, or the early Christian Church. However, now-a-days, it usually just means 'giving-up' something, usually some bad habit, or even just cutting back, in order to please God. This period of abstinence actually originated in Babylon, as a preliminary to the annual day that honored the death and resurrection of Tammuz; and later was observed in Egypt to honor Osiris, the son of Isis, who was the counterpart of Tammuz. According to Babylonian tradition, when Tammuz was killed, his mother cried so much, that he came back to life. The manifestation of this was the rebirth and blooming of all vegetation in the Spring, which came to symbolize his resurrection, and why Tammuz is honored in the Spring. ...... Ezekiel 8:12-13 talks about the women weeping for Tammuz and this actually refers to what became the 40-day Lenten period." (We will look at this Scripture later in this study) (Controlled By The Calendar: The Pagan Origins Of Our Major Holidays by David Allen Rivera)
Queen Ishtar's son, Tammuz, was killed by a wild boar. Queen Ishtar ('Easter') told the people that Tammuz was now ascended to his father, Baal (also known as Nimrod -ref Gen 10:8-9), and that the two of them would be with the worshippers in the sacred candle or lamp flame as Father, Son and Spirit. Ishtar, who was now worshipped as the "Mother of God and Queen of Heaven", continued to build her mystery religion. The queen told the worshippers that when Tammuz was killed by the wild pig, some of his blood fell on the stump of an evergreen tree, and the stump grew into a full new tree overnight. This made the evergreen tree sacred by the blood of Tammuz. She also proclaimed a forty day period of time of sorrow each year prior to the anniversary of the death of Tammuz. During this time, no meat was to be eaten. Worshippers were to meditate upon the sacred mysteries of Baal and Tammuz, and to make the sign of the "+" in front of their hearts as they worshipped. They also ate sacred cakes with the marking of a "T" or cross on the top.
"'It ought to be known,' said Cassianus, the monk of Marseilles, writing in the fifth century, and contrasting the primitive Church with the Church in his day, 'that the observance of forty days had no existence, so long as the perfection of that primitive Church remained inviolate.' Whence, then, came this observance? The forty days abstinence of Lent was directly borrowed from the worshippers of the Babylonian goddess." (The Two Babylons (Or The Papal Worship), Alexander Hislop, 1916, Neptune, NJ, Loizeaux Brothers, Inc., p.104) "The celebration of Lent has no basis in Scripture, but rather developed from the pagan celebration of Semiramis's mourning for 40 days over the death of Tammuz (cf. Ezek 8:14) before his alleged resurrection---another of Satan's mythical counterfeits." (John MacArthur, Jr., The MacArthur New Testament Commentary: 1 Corinthians, Chicago: Moody, 1984)
How did these pre-Christian pagan religious traditions inter into the Church
called the Christian Church?
It all started hundreds of years ago but what many Christians don't know is that these things came in long after Jesus apostles were dead. It started with Constantine the Great, Roman emperor who was also a sun worshipper, convoked the Council of Nicaea in 325 A. D. The council unanimously ruled that the Easter festival should be celebrated throughout the Christian world on the first Sunday (day of the Sun) after the full moon following the vernal equinox; and that if the full moon should occur on a Sunday and thereby coincide with the Passover festival, Easter should be commemorated on the Sunday following." What many Christians don't realize is that the Catholic Church has a ruling stating the Pope has the power of Christ and can change old doctrines, or bring about new ones; thus we find as a result the many pagan doctrines in that Church.
This symbolism ruled on and accepted by the Council of Nicaea in 325 A. D. was "transferred" to the supernatural meaning of the current Easter celebration; to the new life of the risen Christ. Is the name Easter a new name? Can we find it used even before the Messiah was born? We find in our research that the term Easter has often been explained as the name of the Assyrian and Babylonian goddess of love and war, identified with the Phoenician Astarte, the Semitic Ashtoreth, and the Sumerian Inanna, also called Mylitta which is also another name used for the virgin Mary. Remember what we covered in the page titled the Madonna? She is also called "Mylitta" by the Catholic Church, and means the mediatrix which means mediator or what really is the one that has taken the place of our true mediator Jesus the Christ. So we see from history that Easter is not even a Christian name. Easter is in reality Astarte, one of the titles of Beltis, the queen of heaven, whose name, as pronounced by the people of Ninevah, was evidently identical with that now in common use in this country Easter. That name, was found by Layard on the Assyrian monuments and it is "Ishtar".
Does the Catholic Church know about this pagan goddess being worshiped? Let's look at their own records to find out. The Catholic Encyclopedia, Revised and Updated, Copyright 1987, Robert C. Broderick, Editor, Thomas Nelson Publishers, page 177 states that "the word "Easter", which comes from the Anglo-Saxon, is a term derived from the pagan goddess of the dawn." So, there is no doubt even to the Pope that the word Easter is not Christian, but pagan in origin. Now as to the date itself; anyone who has studied the Bible knows that the crucifixion and resurrection happen during God's commanded festival of the Passover, which began on the 14th of Nisan. For millennia God's true people, the Hebrews, have observed this festival week of Passover and the commanded Feast of Unleaven Bread. (See our Mini study God's plan of salvation.)
To celebrate the pagan day of Easter at this time of year instead of God's Passover would be celebrating the increasing of the Sun following the spring (vernal) equinox. That is the day on which the amount of darkness and daylight are the same in duration. Following that day the amount of daylight would steadily increase, a little each day. This increase of daylight in the spring brings summer and makes the crops thrive, thus the association with fertility, (eggs, rabbits, and chickens.) Hence the association to Sunday every Easter which is celebrating the increasing of the god of the sun on the day of the sun. Ever woundered why Christians today turn themselves East to the rising sun, on "Sun Day" that has no biblical foundation what-so-ever, except as described as pagan in Ezk. 8:14-18. of which you have read above.
The Service of Light
There is also the Blessing of the New Fire Easter Vigil. The Blessing of the New Fire Easter Vigil, called by St. Augustine the "Mother of All Vigils," occurs the night before Easter. Ceremonies include blessing of new fire, and a procession with the Easter Candle. Source: A Concise Guide to the Catholic Church, by Felician A. Foy, O.F.M. and Rose M. Avato, Copyright 1984 and published by Our Sunday Visitor, Inc., 200 Noll Plaza, Huntington, Indiana, 46750.
No lights are on in the Church; a fire is prepared outside the church or, if not possible, inside the vestibule. After greeting the congregation the priest blesses the new fire, symbolic of Christ's Resurrection, coming forth from the tomb and giving light to the world. On the Paschal Candle the priest traces a pagan cross and the numerals of the current year. Finally the priest lights the candle from the new fire and the deacon or, if there is no deacon, the priest lifts the Paschal candle and sings Christ is our Light. After walking halfway into the church, he sings the same acclamation, after which the people light their candles from the Easter Candle. Upon arriving at the altar, the acclamation is sung the third time and the lights in the church are put on. Immediately thereafter follows the Easter Proclamation, sung while all stand and hold lighted candles. It is believed that this honors the night on which Christ redeemed us. Source: The Dictionary of the Liturgy, by Rev. Jovian P. Lang, OFM, published by Catholic Book Publishing Co., New York, copyright 1989, page 173.
Another type of Papal worship is the use of lamps and wax-candles. If the Madonna and child are set up in a niche, they must have a lamp to burn before them; if mass is to be celebrated, though in broad daylight, there must be wax-candles lighted on the altar; if a grand procession is to be formed, it cannot be thorough and complete without lighted tapers. The use of these lamps and tapers comes from the same source as all the rest of the Papal superstition. That which caused the "Heart," when it became an emblem of the incarnate Son [Bel / Tammuz], to be represented as a heart on fire, required also that burning lamps and lighted candles should form a part of the worship of that Son; for so, according to the established rites of Zoroaster, was the sun-god worshipped.
Our research has shown where these celebrations came from as we find when every Egyptian on the same night was required to light a lamp before his house in the open air, this was an act of homage to the sun, that had veiled its glory by enshrouding itself in a human form. When the Yezidis of Koordistan, at this day, once a year celebrate their festival of "burning lamps," that, too, is to the honor of Sheikh Shems, or the sun.
In Babylon, this practice had been exceedingly prevalent, as we learn from the Apocryphal writer of the Book of Baruch (Chapter 6, verse 18). "They (the Babylonians)," says he, "light up lamps to their gods, and that in greater numbers, too, than they do for themselves, although the gods cannot see one of them, and are senseless as the beams in their houses." In Pagan Rome, the same practice was observed. Source: The Two Babylons, by Alexander Hislop, published 1943 and 1959 in the U.S. by Loizeaux Brothers, Neptune New Jersey, page 191.
In the Catholic Bible, at the 6th Chapter of Baruch, you will find confirmation that the Pagan Babylonian practice was to light lamps or candles before the idols of their gods. If you enter virtually any Catholic Church, you will find statues of the so called Mary, and her son Jesus or various saints that have candles lit before them. This practice is not from the lighting of the Menorah as God had commanded the Hebrew people. The Catholic "blessing of the new fire" on the evening before Easter Sunday, where many candles are lit prove that it's from a pagan source and the son here is the Sun.
The origin of Easter is not in the celebration of the risen Messiah and our Savior, but rather idol worship and the pagan Babylonian god of fire, and the sun-god, whose emblem is a flaming heart, and whose name is Baal or Tammuz! Below you will see the pictures of their Mary and Jesus with the flaming heart on their chest proving again who they are.
The "blessing of the new fire" actually honors the new strength of the Sun as evidenced by the increasing daylight and lessening night after the Spring Equinox. It is clearly derived from a pagan celebration of the risen Sun, and not the risen Christ. The one thing the pagans did when they sacrificed children to the sun god was to cut out the heart and lay it on the alter and as it dried in the sun they believed that the sun god was consuming the heart.
"The Easter Fire is lit on the top of mountains from new fire, drawn from wood by friction; this is a custom of pagan origin in vogue all over Europe, signifying the victory of spring over winter. At first many bishops issued severe edicts against the sacrilegious Easter fires, but did not succeed in abolishing them everywhere." So what happened? Notice this carefully. "The Church adopted the observance into the Easter ceremonies, referring to the fiery column in the desert and to the resurrection of Christ"! This was done so that the pagan customs could be adopted into the Church of Rome and given the appearance of Christianity! This is plainly admitted in many Catholic writings. Source: The Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol.5, page 227, article "Easter" as quoted in Babylon Mystery Religion, by Ralph Edward Woodrow, Copyright 1966, 1992 printing, page 137. (See Zoroaster )
Hot Cross Buns
What about "Hot Cross Buns"? It's a tradition to eat hot cross buns on Easter morning among people of Western Europe and in some cases America. These small, sweet buns are usually decorated with equal armed, or solar crosses made of white icing; but the pagan Greeks also made offerings of cakes inscribed with the "solar cross" to several goddesses, and it's believed that Eos, the goddess of the sunrise, was among these. Anglo-Saxons too make offerings of cakes with solar crosses, and they were worn as amulets and hung in the homes for protection and prosperity. In Louisiana before lint the Catholics make what is called a "King Cake" with a little baby jesus inside. This is done during Mardi Gras which began in 1837 in New Orleans. The first day of the Carnival season is always January 6th (which is twelve days after Christmas). This is called the Twelfth Night (Kings Night) and marks the beginning of the private masked balls that are held until Mardi Gras Day.
The hot cross buns of "Good Friday", and the dyed eggs of Easter Sunday, were a part of the Chaldean [Babylonian] rites hundreds of years before Christ just as they are in the professing Christian Church today. The "buns" known too by that identical name, were used in the worship of the queen of heaven, as we saw in the page titled "the Madonna" on this web site. The goddess Easter [Ishtar/Astarte], has been worshipped as early as the days of Cecrops, the founder of Athens and that is, 1500 years before the Christian era. "One species of sacred bread," says Byrant, "which used to be offered to the gods was of great antiquity, and called the Boun." Diogenes Laerius, speaking of this offering being made by Empedocles, describes the chief ingredients of which it was composed, saying, "He offered one of the sacred cakes called Boun, which was made of fine flour and honey." The prophet Jeremiah takes notice of this kind of offering when he says, "The children gather wood, the fathers kindle the fire, and the women kneed their dough, to make cakes to the queen of heaven." The hot cross buns are not now offered, but eaten, on the festival of Astarte; but this leaves no doubt as to whence they have been derived. Source: The Two Babylons, by Alexander Hislop, published 1943 and 1959 in the U.S. by Loizeaux Brothers, Neptune New Jersey, pages 107-108.
Remember we stated above that the Catholic Church believes that the Pope can change doctrine or even add new doctrine? How did the Catholic Church come to believe they could change and go against what Jesus Himself taught? Below is their explanation.
The doctrine of "Tradition",
as taught by the Roman Catholic Church:
"The Roman Catholic Church teaches that the doctrines that are not found explicitly taught by the apostles but taught later by other men, after the Bible was written, are nevertheless truths from God. Therefore these "other" doctrines are as important as clear biblical teachings. It teaches that the apostles simply chose not to explicitly write such beliefs to the churches as New Testament Scripture. Although there is no explicit proof that the apostles believed these doctrines, the Roman Catholic Church proposes that the apostles indeed did believe them, otherwise, they feel, God would not have led the Roman Catholic Church to later teach these doctrines. Rather than be founded upon clear, explicit teachings in the Bible as taught by the apostles and Jesus Christ, the Roman Catholic Church believes that their foundation is the belief that God would not have the Roman Church teach such doctrines if they were not true doctrines." (A quote from MF Blume.)
How did Jesus illustrate the structure in His Church?
What did Jesus and apostles teach concerning the structure of the New covenant church, and who will always have authority over this church? Jesus gave us the example of the true structure He wanted in His Church, so let's read what is recorded in John 15:5. "I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing." The truth from God is that a vine is the best way to depict God's type of government because this type of government puts Christ as the Lord and gives everyone who truly follows Him the opportunity to serve and lay up treasures in heaven without contriving and backbiting. There's no reason to politic when the Messiah has already qualified to rule and never forget that it was Satan from the very beginning that wanted to ascend to take the position of God, and anytime a man places himself between Christ and the brethren or seeks the position of Christ's authority in anyway whatsoever, he is not doing God's will.
Notice that Jesus states in the above scripture concerning the structure like a vine that He wants us ALL to bear much fruit, so we ALL can grow, not just the minister. We also find in Matt 20:25-28 that Jesus instructed His disciples not to lord over their brethren. Let's read it "But Jesus called them to Himself and said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who are great exercise authority over them. Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant. And whoever desires to be first among you, let him be your slave--just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many."
Brethren "The doctrine of "Tradition" Does not give them the right to teach doctrine that is contrary to the teachings that Jesus brought from the Holy Father in heaven and also gave to His apostles to teach the New Covenant church. The majority of Protestant denominations do not accept this Catholic Church' doctrine of Tradition, which also gives credence to the doctrine of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, and of the literal flesh and blood in the communion Eucharist, but the Protestants have nevertheless accepted the customs of Christ-Mass and the Trinity doctrine of the Catholics even though this Trinity doctrine is no more explicitly taught in scripture than the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception which also came from the Catholic church by way of tradition. They have accepted the doctrine of Easter and even worship towards the sun as it rises on the very day the sun god was worshipped. This worship can be found in the Old Testament as women sitting weeping for the pagan god Tammuz in Ezekiel 8:12-18. (Read our study offer titled "Is Easter Christian?" at the end of this study.) To accept one doctrine and then throw out the other, when both are from the same foundation of "Tradition", as opposed to explicit scriptural teaching, is to act contradictorily to the truth.
You also might want to check out the history of Easter's Holy Fire ceremony known as Zoroaster.
If a person caught their mate with another in the act and then was told that they had not committed adultery because they were thinking of them during the act what would you say about that?
Question is how does God feel when His people worship other gods such as X-mass, Easter and have a pagan symbol in front of them as they bow and then say it is not idolatry because we were thinking of Jesus?
Click here to return to Could receiving the Eucharist Actually be Sun Worship?
As we have noted in other studies, this doctrine of " Apostolic Succession " is said to give the Roman Catholic Church and now other churches the right to change the doctrines and teachings of Jesus that He brought from the Holy Father, as well as adding pagan doctrines to the church called by the name Christian. Yes these things came into the church long after the death of the apostles, and is not in the original teachings! Question is...Who do you believe and follow?
(See our study concerning the Cross
(See our study concerning Queen of Heaven
(See our study concerning
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It is the nature of mankind to digress from the creator God. It is the nature of mankind to follow and worship the creation they can see rather than the creator they can not see and that is the reason they will not give up the pagan worship of the cross, Christ-mass and Easter ~ In Jesus' Service; Timothy M. Youngblood ~ Author/webmaster http://www.masters-table.org